IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Challenges to Indian agriculture : future strategy


  • T. Koti Reddy

    (ICFAI Business School, Hyderabad)


This paper discusses production and productivity trends, and challenges to, and future strategy of, the Indian agricultural sector. The author suggests that there is a need to raise farm productivity, especially in the country’s vast rain-fed areas. Priority should be given not just to crop farming but also to livestock farming, horticulture, fodder plantation, and grassland development. Improved seeds and fertilizers, and proper irrigation facilities can play a crucial role in raising productivity. The growth of the agricultural sector depends on the growth of infrastructure facilities like irrigation, rural roads, market, power, cold storage, etc. The study points out that the decline in public investment in agriculture is mainly due to the diversification of resources in the form of subsidies for food, fertilizers, electricity, irrigation, credit, etc. The study concludes that the diseconomies in cost, lack of quality of domestic products in foreign markets, and cutthroat competition from other agrarian economies are the major constraints to Indian agricultural exports. The author suggests contract farming to raise high-value crops on small farms and public-private partnership in agricultural research.

Suggested Citation

  • T. Koti Reddy, 2007. "Challenges to Indian agriculture : future strategy," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 44(2), pages 149-169, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:44:y:2007:i:2:p:149-169

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bloom, David E & Williamson, Jeffrey G, 1998. "Demographic Transitions and Economic Miracles in Emerging Asia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(3), pages 419-455, September.
    2. David E. BLOOM & Jocelyn E. FINLAY, 2009. "Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 4(1), pages 45-64.
    3. David E. Bloom & David Canning & Pia N. Malaney, 1999. "Demographic Change and Economic Growth in Asia," CID Working Papers 15, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    4. Leamer, Edward E, 1983. "Let's Take the Con Out of Econometrics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 31-43, March.
    5. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1997. "I Just Ran Two Million Regressions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 178-183, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    capital formation; production and productivity trends; institutional credit; regulated marketing; infrastructural facilities;

    JEL classification:

    • O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:phs:prejrn:v:44:y:2007:i:2:p:149-169. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Reuben T. Campos). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.