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The Efficiency of European Container Terminals and Implications for Supply Chain Management

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  • Teng-Fei Wang

    () (International Shipping and Logistics Group, Plymouth Business School, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK.)

  • Kevin Cullinane

    () (Marine Transport and Management, School of Marine Science and Technology, Armstrong Building, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle NE1 7RU, UK.)

Abstract

This paper investigates the efficiency of container terminals within the context of global supply chain management. The efficiency and scale properties of 104 of Europe's container terminals with annual throughput of over 10,000 TEUs1 in 2003, distributed across 29 European countries, are derived using data envelopment analysis. The main findings are that significant inefficiency pervades most of the terminals under study and that large-scale production tends to be associated with higher efficiency. Terminals in the British Isles and Western Europe were found to be the most efficient, compared to their counterparts with the lowest efficiency in Scandinavian and Eastern European countries. Maritime Economics & Logistics (2006) 8, 82–99. doi:10.1057/palgrave.mel.9100151

Suggested Citation

  • Teng-Fei Wang & Kevin Cullinane, 2006. "The Efficiency of European Container Terminals and Implications for Supply Chain Management," Maritime Economics & Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan;International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME), vol. 8(1), pages 82-99, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:marecl:v:8:y:2006:i:1:p:82-99
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Vítor Caldeirinha & J. Augusto Felício & Andreia Dionísio, 2013. "The container terminal characteristics and customer’s satisfaction," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2013_14, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
    2. Angela Stefania Bergantino & Enrico Musso, 2011. "A Multi-step Approach to Model the Relative Efficiency of European Ports: The Role of Regulation and Other Non-discretionary Factors," Chapters,in: International Handbook of Maritime Economics, chapter 18 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Pallis, Athanasios A. & Syriopoulos, Theodore, 2007. "Port governance models: Financial evaluation of Greek port restructuring," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 232-246, May.
    4. repec:pal:marecl:v:19:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1057_mel.2015.29 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Matías Herrera Dappe & Ancor Suárez-Alemán, 2016. "Competitiveness of South Asia’s Container Ports," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 24333, April.
    6. Su-Han Woo & Stephen Pettit, 2011. "Port Performance in Changing Logistics Environments: Measurement Development and Model Testing," Chapters,in: International Handbook of Maritime Economics, chapter 20 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. Serebrisky, Tomás & Sarriera, Javier Morales & Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Araya, Gonzalo & Briceño-Garmendía, Cecilia & Schwartz, Jordan, 2016. "Exploring the drivers of port efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 31-45.
    8. repec:bbz:fcpbbr:v:11:y:2014:i:5:p:72-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Carlos Barros & Hercules Haralambides & Mohamed Hussain & Nicolas Perpoch, 2011. "Seaport Efficiency and Productivity Growth," Chapters,in: International Handbook of Maritime Economics, chapter 17 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Lee, Taehwee & Yeo, Gi-Tae & Thai, Vinh V., 2014. "Environmental efficiency analysis of port cities: Slacks-based measure data envelopment analysis approach," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 82-88.
    11. Kevin Cullinane (ed.), 2011. "International Handbook of Maritime Economics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 13163.
    12. María Manuela González & Lourdes Trujillo, 2009. "Efficiency Measurement in the Port Industry: A Survey of the Empirical Evidence," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 43(2), pages 157-192, May.
    13. Caldeirinha, V. M., 2011. "Size and specialization as determinant of iberian port performance: new methodology to group different ports," MPRA Paper 31957, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Odeck, James & Bråthen, Svein, 2012. "A meta-analysis of DEA and SFA studies of the technical efficiency of seaports: A comparison of fixed and random-effects regression models," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1574-1585.
    15. Yan, Jia & Sun, Xinyu & Liu, John J., 2009. "Assessing container operator efficiency with heterogeneous and time-varying production frontiers," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 172-185, January.
    16. Tovar, Beatriz & Wall, Alan, 2014. "The impact of demand uncertainty on port infrastructure costs: Useful information for regulators?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 176-183.
    17. Caldeirinha, Vitor R. & Felicio, J. Augusto, 2011. "A influência dos factores de caracterização dos portos no desempenho, medido por indicadores operacionais, financeiros e de eficiência
      [The influence of factors characterizing the performance of po
      ," MPRA Paper 30009, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. repec:eee:transa:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:12-21 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Talley, Wayne K. & Ng, ManWo, 2013. "Maritime transport chain choice by carriers, ports and shippers," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 311-316.
    20. Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Morales Sarriera, Javier & Serebrisky, Tomás & Trujillo, Lourdes, 2016. "When it comes to container port efficiency, are all developing regions equal?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 56-77.
    21. Hung, Shiu-Wan & Lu, Wen-Min & Wang, Tung-Pao, 2010. "Benchmarking the operating efficiency of Asia container ports," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 203(3), pages 706-713, June.
    22. Suárez-Alemán, Ancor & Morales Sarriera, Javier & Serebrisky, Tomás & Trujillo, Lourdes, 2016. "When it comes to container port efficiency, are all developing regions equal?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 56-77.
    23. Wanke, Peter F., 2013. "Physical infrastructure and shipment consolidation efficiency drivers in Brazilian ports: A two-stage network-DEA approach," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 145-153.
    24. repec:pal:marecl:v:19:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1057_mel.2016.17 is not listed on IDEAS

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