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Internalization and the MNE: a note on the spread of ideas


  • A Edward Safarian

    (Joseph L Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada)


This paper examines the reasons for the impact of Buckley and Casson's The Future of the Multinational Enterprise (1976) on research in international business (IB). Earlier work concentrated on ownership-specific advantages or locational determinants rather than the central concept of internalization. The few exceptions were incomplete or not well known. Internalization as applied to the MNE spread rapidly because of the appeal to IB researchers of an analytically powerful idea that was based on institutional economics and involved an accessible methodology. The spread was also helped by the parallel growth of transaction costs in the domestic theory of the firm, and the publication activity of the authors and their associates. Journal of International Business Studies (2003) 34, 116–124. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400011

Suggested Citation

  • A Edward Safarian, 2003. "Internalization and the MNE: a note on the spread of ideas," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 34(2), pages 116-124, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:34:y:2003:i:2:p:116-124

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    Cited by:

    1. Goldstone, Jack A. (Голдстоун, Джек) & Korotaev, Andrey (Коротаев, Андрей) & Zinkina, Yulia (Зинькина, Юлия), 2015. "Political Demography of the World Economy: Tropical Africa
      [Политическая Демография Мировой Экономики: Страны Тропической Африки]
      ," Published Papers mn45, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    2. De Beule, Filip & Van Den Bulcke, Daniel, 2009. "Retrospective and prospective views about the future of the multinational enterprise," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 215-223, June.
    3. George Peng & Paul Beamish, 2008. "The Effect of National Corporate Responsibility Environment on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 80(4), pages 677-695, July.

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