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Economic Growth and Infant Mortality in Developing Countries

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  • Akira Nishiyama

    (Keio University, Japan)

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of GDP per capita on infant mortality using panel data from 83 developing countries over a period of 40 years. Although economic growth broadly decreases infant mortality, the impact of economic growth on infant mortality for the periods of economic booms and slumps is asymmetrical. Positive economic growth may have weak, mixed effects on a reduction in infant mortality, but negative economic growth has a strong, adverse impact.Cette étude explore les effets du PIB par tête sur la mortalité infantile, en mobilisant des données de panel recueillies dans 83 pays en développement, sur une période de 40 années. Bien que la croissance économique diminue, dans l’ensemble, la mortalité infantile, l’impact de la croissance économique sur la mortalité infantile en période de boum économique d’une part et en période de crise d’autre part, est asymétrique. Une croissance économique positive peut avoir des effets faibles et mitigés sur la mortalité infantile, alors qu’une croissance économique négative a des effets négatifs importants.

Suggested Citation

  • Akira Nishiyama, 2011. "Economic Growth and Infant Mortality in Developing Countries," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 23(4), pages 630-647, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:4:p:630-647
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