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Les enjeux liés à la Mesure du Capital Naturel: L’exemple de la Nouvelle-Calédonie

Listed author(s):
  • Cécile Couharde

    (Université de Versailles Saint Quentin, CEMOTEV, Guyancourt)

  • Vincent Géronimi

    (Université de Versailles Saint Quentin, CEMOTEV, Guyancourt)

  • Elodie Maitre d'Hotel

    (CIRAD, Montpellier)

  • Armand Taranco

    (Université Paul Cezanne, Aix en Provence)

Les indicateurs économiques standard, mis en place pour appréhender la richesse des pays, se révèlent insuffisants pour saisir l’importance qu’occupent les ressources naturelles dans le développement économique des nations. Pour faire face à cette insuffisance, la Banque Mondiale a développé un cadre analytique dans lequel le capital naturel est une des composantes de la richesse totale des pays. Dans cet article, nous appliquons le cadre comptable développé par la Banque Mondiale pour évaluer le capital naturel néo-calédonien et sa contribution à la richesse de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Les résultats décrivent une économie fortement dotée en capital naturel et qui, dans une perspective internationale, se rapproche des autres économies rentières. Pour intégrer les spécificités du capital naturel de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, cet article propose également une extension de la méthode Banque Mondiale et procède à une nouvelle évaluation étendue du capital naturel néo-calédonienStandard economic indexes intending to capture the wealth of nations fail to capture the importance of natural resources for national economic development. In order to overcome this shortcoming, the World Bank have implemented an analytical framework taking account of natural capital as a component of the total wealth of countries. In this paper we implement the accounting framework of the World Bank for the evaluation of new-Caledonia natural capital and of its contribution to the total wealth of this island. Following our computations, new-Caledonia has a strong natural capital endowment, making it similar to other rental economies. In order to capture the peculiarities of the natural capital of new-Caledonia, this paper also expand the World Bank methodology and deliver a new extended evaluation of new-Caledonia natural capital.

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Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan & European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 151-173

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Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:1:p:151-173
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