Hate Fuel: On the Relationship Between Local Government Policy and Hate Group Activity
Although often joined for ideological reasons, hate groups provide services for their members that may substitute for government services. Therefore, increases in the quality or quantity of government-provided substitutes may lower the marginal benefit of participating in an active hate group. Conversely, government supplied services may sustain active hate groups by offsetting the reduced labor market opportunities associated with signaling membership. Fixed effect logistic panel estimation results suggest that lowering the poverty rate reduces hate group activity. However, using welfare as a means to ease the plight of those less fortunate is associated with an increase in hate group activity.
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Volume (Year): 36 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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