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Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Children's Health


  • James M Williamson

    (US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 1800M Street NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA)


My research investigates the relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and lung function in children. I test the sensitivity of ETS exposure in children to cigarette prices using state-level variation in cigarette excise taxes. I use an instrumental variables (IVs) approach to estimate the effect of ETS on lung function. Results indicate that ETS exposure is sensitive to taxes: Elasticity of exposure with respect to taxes ranges from −0.62 to −1.11. For the outcome-forced expiratory volume measured in the first second of breath, I find that having one smoker in the household reduces lung function by 1.4 percent; having a second smoker increases the deficit to 2.5 percent.

Suggested Citation

  • James M Williamson, 2010. "Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Children's Health," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 36(4), pages 423-449.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:easeco:v:36:y:2010:i:4:p:423-449

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