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Total Factor Productivity Growth, Structural Change and Convergence in the New Members of the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • El-hadj M Bah

    (Department of Economics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019 Auckland, New Zealand)

  • Josef C Brada

    ([1] Department of Economics, Arizona State University, Box 873806, Tempe, AZ, 852870-3806, USA[2] Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Bul. Krste Misirkov 2, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia)

Abstract

We estimate total factor productivity (TFP) growth in agriculture, industry and services in new European Union member countries and show how structural change contributes to growth. Because of the difficulties in measuring the capital stock of transition economies, we develop a model that estimates sectoral TFPs from data on sectoral employment and GDP per capita. Compared to Austria, new EU members have lower TFP levels, but their TFP growth is largely higher. Inter-sectoral movements of labour do not play a large role in aggregate TFP growth, and capital accumulation is an important component of convergence to EU levels of per capita GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • El-hadj M Bah & Josef C Brada, 2009. "Total Factor Productivity Growth, Structural Change and Convergence in the New Members of the European Union," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 51(4), pages 421-446, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:51:y:2009:i:4:p:421-446
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Herrendorf, Berthold & Rogerson, Richard & Valentinyi, Ákos, 2014. "Growth and Structural Transformation," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 6, pages 855-941 Elsevier.
    2. Robert W. R. Price & Andreas Wörgötter, 2011. "Estonia: Making the Most of Globalisation," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 876, OECD Publishing.
    3. repec:rfe:zbefri:v:34:y:2016:i:2:p:271-308 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. El-hadj Bah & Josef C. Brada, 2014. "Labor Markets in the Transition Economies: An Overview," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 11(1), pages 3-53, June.
    5. Konya Istvan, 2013. "Development accounting with wedges: the experience of six European countries," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(1), pages 1-42, June.
    6. Borgersen, Trond-Arne & King, Roswitha M., 2014. "Structural origins of debt-sustainability in mature and transition economies: Domar, Balassa–Samuelson and Maastricht," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 101-119.
    7. repec:spr:chfecr:v:4:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1186_s40589-016-0027-x is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Maciej Grodzicki, 2013. "Productivity Convergence in Manufacturing in the European Union: The Role of Economic Structure," Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, vol. 5(2).
    9. Agnieszka Gehringer & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann Danzinger, 2016. "What are the drivers of total factor productivity in the European Union?," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(4), pages 406-434, June.
    10. Butzer, Rita & Mundlak, Yair & Larson, Donald F., 2010. "Measures of fixed capital in agriculture," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5472, The World Bank.
    11. Borgersen, Trond-Arne & King, Roswitha M., 2015. "Endogenous supply side constraints to export-led growth and aggregate growth implications in transition economies," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 96-109.
    12. Kónya, István, 2011. "Növekedés és felzárkózás Magyarországon, 1995-2009
      [Growth and convergence in Hungary, 1995-2009]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(5), pages 393-411.

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