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Economic Implications of Demographic Change: Diversity Dividend or Deficit?


  • Marta Tienda


The economic implications of demographic change depend on steadfast investments in research and development; replenishment of the human capital stock diminished by retiring Baby Boomers; and raising college attainment rates. This way the United States can leverage its diverse, fast-growing population to harness a demographic dividend—the productivity boost enabled by declining fertility—while also fueling economic growth, restocking the Social Security system, and bolstering global competitiveness.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta Tienda, 2016. "Economic Implications of Demographic Change: Diversity Dividend or Deficit?," Business Economics, Palgrave Macmillan;National Association for Business Economics, vol. 51(1), pages 11-17, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:buseco:v:51:y:2016:i:1:p:11-17

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