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El coste de los cuidados de larga duración en la población española: análisis comparativo entre los años 1999 y 2008 || The Cost of Long-Term Care in the Spanish Population Comparative Analysis between 1999 and 2008

  • Alcañiz Zanón, Manuela

    ()

    (Dpto. Econometría, Estadística y Economía Española, RFA-IREA. Univ. de Barcelona)

  • Alemany Leira, Ramón

    ()

    (Dpto. Econometría, Estadística y Economía Española, RFA-IREA. Univ. de Barcelona)

  • Bolancé Losilla, Catalina

    ()

    (Dpto. Econometría, Estadística y Economía Española, RFA-IREA. Univ. de Barcelona)

  • Guillén Estany, Montserrat

    ()

    (Dpto. Econometría, Estadística y Economía Española, RFA-IREA. Univ. de Barcelona)

Este trabajo analiza los costes de los cuidados de larga duración (CLD) ligados a los individuos en situación de dependencia. El coste económico unitario de los servicios de cuidados de larga duración está relacionado con el tiempo esperado de necesidad de la atención y la intensidad de los servicios requeridos. Se ha estimado el coste individual esperado en CLD, desde el momento en que se inicia la dependencia, para la población española mayor de 65 años y separadamente para los hombres y las mujeres. Los datos utilizados corresponden a las dos grandes operaciones estadísticas sobre discapacidad y dependencia llevadas a cabo por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) en 1999 y en 2008. También se han utilizado las tablas de mortalidad del INE y, con ellas, se han creado escenarios realistas para la longevidad. La posibilidad de reproducir el análisis para los años 1999 y 2008 ha permitido la comparación entre ambos años, así como el análisis de la tendencia registrada en la última década por la longevidad, la prevalencia de la dependencia y los costes esperados. Finalmente, hemos analizado, por un lado, el efecto del incremento de la esperanza de vida y de la prevalencia de la dependencia y, por otro, el efecto de la inflación sobre la evolución de los costes de los cuidados de larga duración. || This paper analyzes the cost of long-term care (LTC) associated to individuals in dependence situation. The economic cost of care per unit of service is linked to the expected time of needed care and the intensity of required services. We have estimated the expected lifetime cost of LTC in dependence for individuals aged 65 years and above. Calculations have been made separately for men and women. The estimations have been done for year 1999 and 2008, respectively, using data from the two oficial surveys carried out by the Spanish Institute of Statistics (INE). Oficial mortality records and life table trends were used to create realistic scenarios for longevity. We have made comparisons between 1999 and 2008 results, and we have also analysed the last decade trends for longevity, for prevalence of dependence, and for the expected costs of long-term care. We have studied the effects on the evolution of the costs of long-term care due to increasing in longevity and prevalence of dependence and, finally, and separately, we analyzed the effect of the inflation.

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Article provided by Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration in its journal Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa.

Volume (Year): 12 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (December)
Pages: 111-131

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Handle: RePEc:pab:rmcpee:v:12:y:2011:i:1:p:111-131
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