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Algerian Economic Structure: Opportunities or Threats in a Crisis Situation

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  • Boualem Chebira

    () (University of Annaba)

Abstract

According to the theory of Joseph Schumpeter, a business cycle is characterized by an expansion phase followed by a depression phase in the production process. This cyclical crises has attracted interest from various researchers in the example of Clement Juglar, in an attempt to explain the phenomenon in order to prevent future crises. The main causes of these crises are either endogenous or exogenous. But every crisis did not have the same effects and similar impacts on the country. It is true that the nature of the crisis determines the impact. But it also seems that the economic structure of a country is a factor that could determine the extent of the impact of the crisis on the country. Indeed, the volume of international trade in a nation and the diversity of products traded are crucial in the impact of crises on its economy. As such, Algeria known for its particular structure of its trade, characterized by export-oriented oil almost suffered the same way as many other countries in development, more or less serious effects on its economy. However, Algerian officials announced, following the example of the last global financial crisis, the country remains safe even if oil prices fell and thanks to large foreign exchange reserves combined. Indeed, the Algerian state argues the fact that its economy is weakly inserted in financial globalization. The economic structure of Algeria, is characterized, among other things, by a quasi "mono-export", may "be regarded as an opportunity for the country to avoid the impact of an international crisis, or is it a threat that can lead the country into an economic and social crisis? It is to this main question that this work will attempt to provide some thoughts based on the analysis of the impact of crises on the economy of this country while referring to its economic structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Boualem Chebira, 2011. "Algerian Economic Structure: Opportunities or Threats in a Crisis Situation," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(2), pages 112-119, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ovi:oviste:v:xi:y:2011:i:9:p:112-119
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    Keywords

    Economic structure; crisis; oil; globalization; development.;

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages

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