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Low Costs on the European Shipping


  • Ion Gr. Ionescu

    () (“Dimitrie Cantemir” Christian University)


The freight rates and second hand prices in the dry bulk market seem to be stationary. By unit root tests, an established tool fortesting for random walk in economic time series, the random walk hypothesis can be rejected in most cases for the freight rate samples. This result is in contrast to the findings of a number of papers. However, the results confirm classical shipping market that indicate stationary in freight rates, which is not the case if the freight rates follow a random walk. By transforming all observations from US$ to Japanese yen detrended freight rates and prices seem to become stationary and volatility is reduced.

Suggested Citation

  • Ion Gr. Ionescu, 2012. "Low Costs on the European Shipping," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(1), pages 202-207, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ovi:oviste:v:xii:y:2012:i:12:p:202-207

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    More about this item


    shipping; market; costs; freight rates; perspective;

    JEL classification:

    • M16 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - International Business Administration


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