The Concept of Citizenship in the Public International Law
Each individual must have a membership. And it is not about political membership ( so popular in the last few years) , but a intrinsic right acquired by the human being since birth. It’s about citizenship, a right sanctioned by the constitution of any country, as important as the right to life. Practically, the both rights coexist and combine in a harmonious suite which does nothing but gives a special value to the man, the citizen. The citizenship is an indissoluble legal report regarding the human being. The citizenship report is lasting in time, begins with the birth and, virtually, disappears, once with the physical disappearance and absolute in space, it exists everywhere there is a person , in the provenience state, in another country, on the sea, in the air or in cosmos. The citizenship is basically submitted to a legal system of internal regulation, the states having an exclusive part in establishing in its own legislation both the manners of acquisition and losing the citizenship, and also all the rights and obligations which flow from the political and legal reference of a state’s membership. As a rule only the citizens of a state can have political rights and can get access to public, civil or military jobs. The international law doesn’t restrict the state’s freedom to establish through its internal legislation the legal system to its own citizens, but can decide upon the conditions under which the established legal system is opposable to other states.
Volume (Year): XI (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
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