Collusion, Delegation and Supervision with Soft Information
This paper shows that supervision with soft information is valuable whenever supervisors and supervisees collude under asymmetric information and proceeds then to derive an Equivalence Principle between organizational forms of supervisory and productive activities. We consider an organization with an agent privately informed on his productivity and a risk averse supervisor getting signals on the agent's type. In a centralized organization, the principal can communicate and contract with both the supervisor and the agent. However, these two agents can collude against the principal. In a decentralized organization, the principal only communicates and contracts with the supervisor who in turn sub-contracts with the agent. We show that the two organizations achieve the same outcome. We discuss this equivalence and provide various comparative statics results to assess the efficiency of supervisory structures. Copyright 2003, Wiley-Blackwell.
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Volume (Year): 70 (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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"Centralized and Decentralized Contracts in a Moral Hazad Environment,"
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- Celik, Gorkem, 2009.
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Elsevier, vol. 144(1), pages 69-95, January.
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