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Geographical Influences on Long-Run Development

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  • Michael Bleaney
  • Arcangelo Dimico

Abstract

We show that geographical factors influence long-run per capita income directly, as well as indirectly, through the quality of institutions. The direct influence of geography on per capita incomes is robust to the inclusion of a sub-Saharan Africa dummy and other tests. We obtain our results by replacing the usual instrument (settlers' mortality (SM)) by stronger instruments for institutional quality (latitude, the share of the country in the temperate climatic zone). We also provide evidence that SM suffers from endogeneity with respect to institutional quality for early colonies, because of its dependence on nineteenth-century mortality data. Copyright 2010 The author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Bleaney & Arcangelo Dimico, 2010. "Geographical Influences on Long-Run Development," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 19(5), pages 635-656, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:19:y:2010:i:5:p:635-656
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jae/ejq014
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    Cited by:

    1. Amat Adarov & Mario Holzner & Luka Sikic, 2016. "Backwardness, Industrialisation and Economic Development in Europe," wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers 123, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    2. Fabrizio Carmignani & Abdur Chowdhury, 2012. "The Geographical Dimension of the Development Effects of Natural Resources," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 52(4), pages 479-498, August.
    3. Carmignani, Fabrizio & Mandeville, Thomas, 2014. "Never been industrialized: A tale of African structural change," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 124-137.
    4. Gabriel Picone & Robyn Kibler & Benedicte Apouey, 2013. "Individuals’ Preventive Behavioral Response to Changes in Malaria Risks and Government Interventions: Evidence from six African countries," Working Papers 0313, University of South Florida, Department of Economics.
    5. Carmignani, Fabrizio & Chowdhury, Abdur, 2011. "The Development Effects of Natural Resources: A Geographical Dimension," Working Papers and Research 2011-09, Marquette University, Center for Global and Economic Studies and Department of Economics.
    6. Bleaney, Michael & Dimico, Arcangelo, 2011. "Biogeographical conditions, the transition to agriculture and long-run growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(7), pages 943-954.

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