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The Determinants of Migration from Sub-Saharan African Countries-super- †

  • Wim Naudé

This paper investigates the determinants of migration from 45 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries over the period 1965--2005. The significant determinants are armed conflict and lack of job opportunities. An additional year of conflict is estimated to raise emigration by 1.7 per 1,000 inhabitants, while an additional 1% reduction in relative growth is found to reduce emigration by 1.5 per 1,000. Demographic and environmental pressures are found to have a less important direct impact, although they may have an indirect impact on migration through conflict and job opportunities. Finally, evidence is found of a 'migration hump' in migration from SSA, which is consistent with the finding that much migration from SSA is forced. Copyright 2010 The author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org, Oxford University Press.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/jae/ejq004
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Article provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) in its journal Journal of African Economies.

Volume (Year): 19 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 330-356

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Handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:19:y:2010:i:3:p:330-356
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