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The European Union and the Member States: An Empirical Analysis of Europeans' Preferences for Competences Allocation


  • Floriana Cerniglia
  • Laura Pagani


In this article, we empirically study the preferences of European citizens concerning the allocation of powers between the European Union (EU) and the Member States using Eurobarometer data from 1995 to 2003. Both descriptive and econometric analysis highlights a ranking of countries according to the number of issues citizens want to delegate to EU (which we call Europeanism). More specifically, the more pro-European countries are those from Southern Europe while the less pro-European countries are those in Scandinavia, Denmark, and Luxemburg. Econometric analysis shows that this country effect is largely linked to the quality of the countries' national government institutions. We find also a positive relationship between Europeanism and education, the degree of information of citizens, and left wing affiliation. For some policy domains, we also estimate probit equations for citizens' preferred allocation of powers and we find that the countries' Europeanism ranking varies with the area considered. (JEL codes: H11, H77) Copyright , Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Floriana Cerniglia & Laura Pagani, 2009. "The European Union and the Member States: An Empirical Analysis of Europeans' Preferences for Competences Allocation," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 55(1), pages 197-232, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cesifo:v:55:y:2009:i:1:p:197-232

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    Cited by:

    1. Floriana Cerniglia & Laura Pagani, 2010. "Does Political Knowledge Increase Support For Europe?A Cross Country Investigation Investigation of the Attitudes of European Citizens," Working Papers 198, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2010.
    2. Floriana Cerniglia & Laura Pagani, 2011. "Does Political Knowledge Increase Support for Europe? A Cross Country Investigation of the Attitudes of European Citizens," CESifo Working Paper Series 3369, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism


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