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University Life Science Programs and Agricultural Biotechnology


  • Yin Xia
  • Steven Buccola


We examine sources of productivity in bioscience research and graduate training in U.S. universities. For this purpose, we first identify the scientific publications cited on agricultural biotechnology patents, and then trace the citations back to the universities producing the cited research. Insight is thus gained into the university investments that demonstrably influence useful technology. Life-science budget allocations substantially affect both graduate education and technology-relevant science. Graduate training shows decreasing returns to budget scale, while productive research shows decreasing returns in the short run but increasing returns in the long run. Training is a weak substitute for research, while research is a moderate complement to training. Copyright 2005, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Yin Xia & Steven Buccola, 2005. "University Life Science Programs and Agricultural Biotechnology," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(1), pages 229-243.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:87:y:2005:i:1:p:229-243

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    Cited by:

    1. Vanloqueren, Gaƫtan & Baret, Philippe V., 2009. "How agricultural research systems shape a technological regime that develops genetic engineering but locks out agroecological innovations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 971-983, July.

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