Exchange Rate Arrangements and Monetary Policy in Southeastern Europe: An Update (2004–2007)
This contribution updates a study published in 2004. Four of the ten countries analyzed (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia and the Republic of Macedonia) continue to feature hard pegs and nominal exchange rate anchors to the euro, while four others (Albania, Romania, Serbia and Turkey) conduct loosely managed floats, and – with the exception of Albania – introduced inflation targeting in 2005 or 2006. One country (Montenegro) and one nonsovereign territory (Kosovo) remain unilaterally euroized. Although all countries have upheld prudent monetary policies supported by strengthened fiscal positions, disinflation has slowed down in recent years. Recent upticks of inflation have been triggered by rising wage pressures, accelerating credit booms, food price spikes caused by extreme weather conditions, and increases in oil prices, utility tariffs and indirect taxes (with some of the latter being one-off factors). While the antiinflationary effectiveness of pegs continues to be satisfactory overall, the comparatively brief experience with inflation targeting has already delivered good results in some cases. In other cases it may yet be too early to judge. The impact of capital flows on monetary policy has been on the rise, creating new challenges, and triggering repercussions (in both ways) for inflation rates.
Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: P.O. Box 61, A-1011 Vienna, Austria|
Phone: +43/1/404 20 7405
Fax: +43/1/404 20 7499
Web page: http://www.oenb.at
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Postal: Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Documentation Management and Communications Services, Otto-Wagner Platz 3, A-1090 Vienna, Austria|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2007:i:2:b:3. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Birgit Riedler)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.