IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Enlargement Policy of the European Union – Its Present and Future in the Context of the War in Ukraine 2022


  • Monika Panayotova

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The aim of the current research paper is to examine the present and future of the enlargement policy of the European Union in the context of the complex realities of the war in Ukraine and the new EU initiatives and conceptual ideas related to the Enlargement Strategy from 2018, the new negotiation methodology from 2020, the concepts of gradual accession to the Union with a transitional consolidation clause, the European Political Community and a new European Convention. For the purpose of the study, different methods of analysis have been used. Some of them include: an innovative 'portfolio thinking' approach, revealing the extent of the EU's innovative spirit in creating new trajectories of engagement with the Western Balkans and Eastern Partnership countries, and emphasising the importance of de-risking so that the above presented initiatives are recognised as an opportunity rather than an obstacle to the European perspective; experimental use of artificial intelligence by the OpenAI research laboratory in developing potential scenarios for the future of enlargement policy in the short, medium and long term. The study has its added value in view of the upcoming European elections in 2024, the growing geopolitical aspirations of Russia and China in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, the need to prepare both the EU and candidate countries for future enlargements and for the challenges of tomorrow.

Suggested Citation

  • Monika Panayotova, 2023. "The Enlargement Policy of the European Union – Its Present and Future in the Context of the War in Ukraine 2022," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 161-188, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2023:i:1:p:161-188

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    enlargement; EU; scenarios; strategies; AI; war; Ukraine; Western Balkans;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • F50 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2023:i:1:p:161-188. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Vanya Lazarova (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.