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Effects and Consequences of Zombie Lending


  • Anika Petkova

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


Zombie companies are defined as companies that are unable to service their debts for a long period of time. In this context, zombie lending is defined as financing of zombie companies under particularly favorable conditions in order to prevent bankruptcy, induce recovery of the company, incl. stimulating investment activity and employment. Numerous studies demonstrate that this type of companies worldwide fail to increase their productivity and efficiency and therefore use the allocated liquid funds in order to cover past debts, which proves that zombie lending, incl. and the extended government bond purchase programs used do not stimulate domestic investment and real economic growth rates. Aforementioned adverse effects related to the negative effects of zombie lending imply the implementation of targeted policies aimed at strict monitoring of companies and the application of unified standards and requirements for lending and providing liquidity support by financial institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Anika Petkova, 2021. "Effects and Consequences of Zombie Lending," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 4, pages 145-156, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2021:i:4:p:145-156

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    More about this item


    zombie companies; zombie lending; debt; productivity; investment; economic growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • F5 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance


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