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From an Environment of Uncertainty to National Disruption – The Case of Syria


  • Aleksandar Dimitrov

    () (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The Syrian crisis is one of the most persistent and dramatic conflicts of the 21st century. It has become a crossroad of the global interests of the great powers, the dispositions of regional players, and a field for the realization of hybrid and proxy wars. The aim of the article is to show how maintaining an environment of uncertainty leads to the reproduction of uncertainty even in seemingly stable countries. For this purpose, the Index of Failing States (2005 – 2017), Water Indices (Tensions, Scarcity and Risks), etc., are being traced and compared with the rise of political tensions in Syria. The analysis shows that the risky environment leads to catastrophic consequences - from economic ruin to national disruption. The article demonstrates the use of indexes as an analytical tool explaining the generation of certain political processes declared as "invisible" before their outbreak.

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksandar Dimitrov, 2018. "From an Environment of Uncertainty to National Disruption – The Case of Syria," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 4, pages 367-377, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2018:i:4:p:367-377

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    More about this item


    Syria; Index of Failed States; crisis; political disruption; war;

    JEL classification:

    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being


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