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The Way to Socialism? First Five-Year Plan for the Development of Bulgarian Agriculture


  • Pencho Penchev

    () (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The author of the study aims to answer the question whether before September 1944 in Bulgaria there were tendencies and political practices that lead to the establishment of socialist economic and social model. For this purpose, an analysis of the 1941 Five-year agricultural plan has been made. The main conclusion on the basis of the Five-year plan is that the establishment of a socialist economic model in Bulgaria was by no means a surprise, and that the basic characteristics of this model were supported even by people who are not political socialists. The Five-year plan is an illustration of the gravitational forces towards socialism in Bulgarian society, which has the potential to accelerate this movement through its policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Pencho Penchev, 2018. "The Way to Socialism? First Five-Year Plan for the Development of Bulgarian Agriculture," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 3, pages 253-279, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:natrud:y:2018:i:3:p:253-279

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    More about this item


    plan; socialism; capitalism; Bulgaria;

    JEL classification:

    • B20 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - General
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-


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