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Ex–Dividend Day Price and Volume: The Case of 2003 Dividend Tax Cut

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  • Zhang, Yi
  • Farrell, Kathleen A.
  • Brown, Todd A.

Abstract

We examine the impact of the 2003 dividend tax cut, which removes the differential taxation between dividends and capital gains for individual investors, on the ex–dividend day price and trading volume. We find the ex–dividend day price and volume are affected by taxes, risk, and transaction costs. The ex–dividend day price drop ratio (excess return) increases (decreases) and dividend clienteles weaken after the tax cut. Ex–dividend day abnormal volume among high dividend yield stocks decreases after the tax cut consistent with a diminished motivation for tax–induced trading. Our results suggest that individual investors have a measurable effect on the ex–dividend day price and trading volume.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Yi & Farrell, Kathleen A. & Brown, Todd A., 2008. "Ex–Dividend Day Price and Volume: The Case of 2003 Dividend Tax Cut," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 61(1), pages 105-127, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ntj:journl:v:61:y:2008:i:1:p:105-27
    DOI: 10.17310/ntj.2008.1.05
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    Cited by:

    1. Efthymiou, Vassilis A. & Episcopos, Athanasios & Leledakis, George N. & Pyrgiotakis, Emmanouil G., 2021. "Intraday analysis of the limit order bias on the ex-dividend day of U.S. common stocks," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 405-421.
    2. Bali, Rakesh & Francis, Jack Clark, 2016. "Ex day effects of the 2003 dividend tax cut," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 11-22.
    3. Chen, Hung-Ling & Chow, Edward H. & Shiu, Cheng-Yi, 2013. "Ex-dividend prices and investor trades: Evidence from Taiwan," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 39-65.
    4. Moritz Wagner & Xiaopeng Wei, 2020. "Cum-Ex Trading – The Biggest Fraud in History?," Working Papers in Economics 20/19, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    5. Tseng, Yun-lan & Hu, Shing-yang, 2013. "Tax reform and the identity of marginal traders around ex-dividend days," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 181-199.

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