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Dinâmica populacional, uso da terra e geração de renda: uma análise longitudinal para domicílios rurais na Amazônia equatoriana [Population dynamics, use of land and income generation: a longitudinal analysis for rural domiciles in Equatorial Amazon]

Author

Listed:
  • Alisson F. Barbieri

    (Cedeplar-UFMG)

  • Richard E. Bilsborrow

    (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)

Abstract

The Northern Ecuadorian Amazon, the principal region of colonization of migrants in Ecuador since the 1970's, has been experiencing major changes in recent years, including a rapidly growing population, fragmentation of agricultural plots, changes in land use, and increasing off-farm employment, all of which are affecting farm household incomes and well-being. In this paper we use detailed data from a longitudinal survey of migrant settlers in 1990 and 2000 in Ecuador to first estimate farm household incomes, on-farm and off-farm. We then compute Gini coefficients for both land distribution and household income, and evaluate factors responsible for changes in household income in the 1990s. The article ends with a discussion of the policies that could reduce poverty and lead to a more sustainable standard of development.

Suggested Citation

  • Alisson F. Barbieri & Richard E. Bilsborrow, 2009. "Dinâmica populacional, uso da terra e geração de renda: uma análise longitudinal para domicílios rurais na Amazônia equatoriana [Population dynamics, use of land and income generation: a longitudinal ," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 19(1), pages 67-94, January-A.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:19:y:2009:i:1:p:67-94
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Amazon; Ecuador; population; income; land use;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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