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Participação da mulher no mercado de trabalho e desigualdade da renda domiciliar per capita no Brasil: 1981-2002 [The effect of women's labor force participation on household income inequality in Brazil, 1981-2002]

Author

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  • Rodolfo Hoffmann

    () (Unicamp)

  • Eugênia Troncoso Leone

    () (Unicamp)

Abstract

This study analyses the evolution of women's labor force participation, the contribution of women's earnings to household income, and the impact on the household income inequality per capita in Brazil for the period 1981-2002. The data are from the Brazilian National Household Survey (PNAD). The decomposition of the Gini index by income shares shows a decrease in the contribution of men's earnings, and an increase in the contribution of both women's earnings and pensions, in the inequality of per capita household income. The increase in the contribution of women's earnings to inequality is mostly due to significant increase in the share of these earnings the household income.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodolfo Hoffmann & Eugênia Troncoso Leone, 2004. "Participação da mulher no mercado de trabalho e desigualdade da renda domiciliar per capita no Brasil: 1981-2002 [The effect of women's labor force participation on household income inequality in Braz," Nova Economia, Economics Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil), vol. 14(2), pages 35-58, May-Augus.
  • Handle: RePEc:nov:artigo:v:14:y:2004:i:2:p:35-58
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inequality; women's labor; Gini index; women's earnings;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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