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The competitiveness of Eurozone periphery countries’ economies and their debt problems

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  • Dementiev N. P.

Abstract

The article describes that after the periphery PIGS countries (Portugal, Ireland, Greece and Spain) joined the Eurozone, several factors previously improving PIGS' export competitiveness (undervalued national currency, protective customs duty, low compensation of employees) no longer work. It is revealed that in the pre-crisis years the rapid GDP growth in PIGS took place considerably by means of foreign loans. Moreover, external debt bubbles grew: high rates of economic growth facilitated the inflow of new foreign money used for both reinvestment and current external debt service. Besides, the share of «tradable» goods (that can be moved between countries and internationally traded) decreased in the GDP structures of PIGS. During the crisis, the PIGS' economic situation got worse (growth of external and public debts, decline in the GDP and in the investments, high unemployment). Conclusion: the Eurozone should either strengthen the integration (to increase the unification of laws in the economic and social spheres, to tighten control by the Eurozone central authorities), or get rid of the troubled countries. Otherwise, the current crisis, repeatedly flaring and fading, will persist for a long time.

Suggested Citation

  • Dementiev N. P., 2016. "The competitiveness of Eurozone periphery countries’ economies and their debt problems," World of economics and management / Vestnik NSU. Series: Social and Economics Sciences, Socionet, vol. 16(2), pages 5-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:nos:wjflnh:2016_1_01e
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. V. Gil'mundinov, 2011. "Analysis of Structural Changes in the Russian Economy in Conditions of Intersectoral Competition," Problems of Economic Transition, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 54(3), pages 44-53.
    2. A. Alekseev, 2014. "The New Industrialization," Problems of Economic Transition, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(12), pages 43-62.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Eurozone peripheral countries; public debt; exports; competitive-ness; comparative price level; tradable goods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F45 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Macroeconomic Issues of Monetary Unions

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