IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Determinants of Female Employment in Police Departments


  • Kevin M. O'Brien

    (Bradley University)


This paper extends the work by Sass and Troyer (1999) by examining the determinants of female employment in police departments according to racial/ethnic group as well as in the aggregate. In addition, the effects of variables not included in earlier studies are analyzed. These variables include the existence of an affirmative action policy, use of numeric goals, the number of EEO complaints and failure rate for recruits in police academies. It is found that existence of an affirmative action policy by itself is not sufficient to increase female employment but numeric goals are required as well. It is also found that the determinants of employment vary by minority group. For example, while a higher level of public employee unionization decreased white female employment, it had no effect on minority female employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Kevin M. O'Brien, 2002. "The Determinants of Female Employment in Police Departments," Journal of Economic Insight (formerly the Journal of Economics (MVEA)), Missouri Valley Economic Association, vol. 28(2), pages 1-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:mve:journl:v:28:y:2002:i:2:p:1-15

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mve:journl:v:28:y:2002:i:2:p:1-15. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Ken Brown). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.