The Determinants of Female Employment in Police Departments
This paper extends the work by Sass and Troyer (1999) by examining the determinants of female employment in police departments according to racial/ethnic group as well as in the aggregate. In addition, the effects of variables not included in earlier studies are analyzed. These variables include the existence of an affirmative action policy, use of numeric goals, the number of EEO complaints and failure rate for recruits in police academies. It is found that existence of an affirmative action policy by itself is not sufficient to increase female employment but numeric goals are required as well. It is also found that the determinants of employment vary by minority group. For example, while a higher level of public employee unionization decreased white female employment, it had no effect on minority female employment.
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