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Wage Differentials in Italian Social Enterprises

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  • Leonardo Becchetti
  • Stefano Castriota

Abstract

In Italy social enterprises include more than 7,000 institutions with around 250,000 workers serving more than three million people, a big share of which disadvantaged. Using the ICSI 2007 survey conducted by a pool of Italian universities on a representative sample of social enterprises, we analyze the determinants of nominal and real wages (adjusted for the cost of living in the area of residence). Our two main findings show that: i) low wages, absence of «direct» education premia and gender wage gaps may reduce attractiveness of this sector (beyond intrinsic motivations) for young talented workers even though indirect education premia in terms of higher probability of becoming manager exist; ii) cooperative wage differentials are sensitive to regional disparities in PPP even though they do not fully compensate for them: nominal wages are higher in Northern Italy but, after adjusting for the cost of living, they become higher in the South.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Becchetti & Stefano Castriota, 2011. "Wage Differentials in Italian Social Enterprises," Economia politica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 323-368.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:jb33yl:doi:10.1428/35914:y:2011:i:3:p:323-368
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    Cited by:

    1. Federica VIGANO & Andrea SALUSTRI, 2015. "Matching profit and Non-profit Needs: How NPOs and Cooperative Contribute to Growth in Time of Crisis. A Quantitative Approach," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(1), pages 157-178, March.
    2. Cecilia NAVARRA & Elena VALLINO, 2015. "Who Had the Idea to Build Up a Village Organization? Some Evidence from Senegal and Burkina Faso," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 86(1), pages 33-72, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    J3; J7;

    JEL classification:

    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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