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Migration and the Internet


  • Thomas John Cooke

    (University of Connecticut, United States)

  • Ian Shuttleworth

    (Department of Archaeology, Geography and Palaeoecology, Queen’s University, United Kingdom)


It is widely presumed that information and communication technologies, or ICTs, enable migration in several ways; primarily by reducing the costs of migration. However, a reconsideration of the relationship between ICTs and migration suggests that ICTs may just as well hinder migration; primarily by reducing the costs of not moving. Using data from the US Panel Study of Income Dynamics, models that control for sources of observed and unobserved heterogeneity indicate a strong negative effect of ICT use on inter-state migration within the United States. These results help to explain the long-term decline in internal migration within the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas John Cooke & Ian Shuttleworth, 2017. "Migration and the Internet," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 14(3), pages 331-342, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:mig:journl:v:14:y:2017:i:3:p:331-342

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    Cited by:

    1. Luca Maria Pesando & Valentina Rotondi & Manuela Stranges & Ridhi Kashyap & Francesco C. Billari, 2021. "The Internetization of International Migration," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 47(1), pages 79-111, March.
    2. Sunganani V. Kalemba & Aude Bernard & Jonathan Corcoran & Elin Charles-Edwards, 2022. "Has the decline in the intensity of internal migration been accompanied by changes in reasons for migration?," Journal of Population Research, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 279-313, September.
    3. Andrej Přívara & Magdaléna Přívarová, 2019. "Nexus between Climate Change, Displacement and Conflict: Afghanistan Case," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(20), pages 1-19, October.


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