IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/mig/journl/v13y2016i3p411-426.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

The Impact of Migratory Flows on the Swiss Labour Market. A Comparison Between In- and Outflow

Author

Listed:
  • Philippe Wanner

    () (the Institute for Demography and Socioeconomics, University of Geneva, Switzerland)

  • Jonathan Zufferey

    () (the Institute for Demography and Socioeconomics, University of Geneva, Switzerland)

  • Juliette Fioretta

    () (the Institute for Demography and Socioeconomics, University of Geneva, Switzerland)

Abstract

International labour migration in post-industrial countries raises numerous questions. A wide range of studies have been published on the impact of immigration on the labour market but only few studies take into account both arrivals (immigrations) and departures (emigrations), rather than only the role of newcomers on the labour market. This paper is based on a Swiss Longitudinal Demographic Database which links data from Population and Household Registers, administrative registers, and surveys. In particular, the Swiss Population Register provides the date of arrival or departure of immigrants/emigrants while the Structural Survey provides information on their characteristics and position on the labour market. Based on these data, this paper compares the socioeconomic characteristics of both immigrants and emigrants arrived in Switzerland during the period 2011-2013 or having left the country during the same period, a time span characterized by a yearly net migration of + 80,000 and a rapid economic growth. In terms of level of education, every category is characterized by a positive migration balance, which is not surprising: the economic growth observed in Switzerland during the period led to a demand on the labour market for both skilled and unskilled migrants. More precisely, migratory flows counterbalanced the erosion of the low and averagely skilled working-age non-migrating population and contributed to approximately one third of the increase in the number of highly skilled workers in the labour market. Concerning the occupations, the impact of the migration balance is highest among managers and sales workers. The paper also demonstrates that the migratory flows contribute to balance the decrease in the low and averagely skilled positions and to partially fulfil the economy’s demand for highly skilled workers.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Wanner & Jonathan Zufferey & Juliette Fioretta, 2016. "The Impact of Migratory Flows on the Swiss Labour Market. A Comparison Between In- and Outflow," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 13(3), pages 411-426, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:mig:journl:v:13:y:2016:i:3:p:411-426
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://journal.tplondon.com/index.php/ml/article/viewFile/617/496
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mig:journl:v:13:y:2016:i:3:p:411-426. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (I. Sirkeci). General contact details of provider: https://www.tplondon.com/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.