Education Policies, Economic Growth and Wage Inequality
It is assumed that education simultaneously affects growth and wage inequality. Human capital is taken as lumpy, and education policy has a direct bearing on growth, the number of high-skilled people, and wages. It is shown that the optimal policy for the unskilled is Rawlsian and implies high after-tax returns on capital and high growth, whereas the skilled prefer an anti-Rawlsian policy with less education, lower growth, and more wage inequality. In contrast, a strictly utilitarian government chooses more education and less inequality than the Rawlsian. Thus, the unskilled prefer a more efficient and more equitable outcome than the skilled, and a strictly utilitarian policy may be more egalitarian than a Rawlsian policy.
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Volume (Year): 59 (2002/2003)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
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