International monetary asymmetries and the central bank
In this paper, we argue that the current international monetary system is fully asymmetric, as it divides the world among reserve issuing economies (RIEs) and reserve earning economies (REEs). Thus, monetary theory, we argue, should take into account whether or not the central bank issues an international reserve currency, as that would largely determine its balance sheet structure, interest rate-targeting procedure, and the elasticity of monetary policy and of the exchange rate regime. The reason is plain: as opposed to RIEs, the central bank in REEs must target a minimum stock of foreign currency assets, as the local currency does not circulate abroad.
Volume (Year): 32 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
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