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Small Business Reliance on Bank Financing in Ghana

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  • Joshua Abor
  • Nicholas Biekpe

Abstract

Financing has been identified as a dominant constraint to Ghanaian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This study explores the determinants of bank financing and debt among Ghanaian SMEs. A panel regression model estimates the relation between the determinants and the bank-debt ratio. The results reveal that bank loans account for less than a quarter of SMEs' total debt financing, and show that the age and size of the firm, along with asset tangibility, have significantly positive associations with the bank-debt ratio. Profitability is significantly and negatively related to the bank-debt ratio. These findings have significant implications both at the firm level and for the support of policies aimed at improving SME financing in Ghana.

Suggested Citation

  • Joshua Abor & Nicholas Biekpe, 2007. "Small Business Reliance on Bank Financing in Ghana," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(4), pages 93-102, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:43:y:2007:i:4:p:93-102
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Abubakr Saeed & Olusegun Vincent, 2012. "Bank Concentration and Firm Investment: Empirical Evidence from India," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(3), pages 85-105, May.
    2. Abubakr Saeed & Olusegun Vincent, 2012. "Bank Concentration and Firm Investment: Empirical Evidence from India," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(3), pages 85-105, May.
    3. Félix J. López Iturriaga & Vicente Lima Crisóstomo, 2010. "Do Leverage, Dividend Payout, and Ownership Concentration Influence Firms' Value Creation? An Analysis of Brazilian Firms," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 80-94, May.
    4. Chung-Hua Shen & Haumin Chu & Yu-Chun Wang, 2012. "Who Furls the Umbrella on Rainy Days? The Role of Bank Ownership Type and Bank Size in SME Lending," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 184-199, July.
    5. Yee-Chy Tseng & Ching-Ping Chang & Ruey-Dang Chang & Hao-Yun Liao, 2012. "The Impact of Bankers on the Board on Corporate Dividend Policy: Evidence from an Emerging Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 192-212, January.
    6. Simplice Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2017. "Recent finance advances in information technology for inclusive development: a survey," Working Papers 17/009, African Governance and Development Institute..
    7. Oleksandr Talavera & Lin Xiong & Xiong Xiong, 2012. "Social Capital and Access to Bank Financing: The Case of Chinese Entrepreneurs," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(1), pages 55-69, January.
    8. Félix J. López Iturriaga & Vicente Lima Crisóstomo, 2010. "Do Leverage, Dividend Payout, and Ownership Concentration Influence Firms' Value Creation? An Analysis of Brazilian Firms," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 80-94, May.
    9. Chung-Hua Shen & Haumin Chu & Yu-Chun Wang, 2012. "Who Furls the Umbrella on Rainy Days? The Role of Bank Ownership Type and Bank Size in SME Lending," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 184-199, July.
    10. Asongu, Simplice & De Moor, Lieven, 2015. "Recent advances in finance for inclusive development: a survey," MPRA Paper 67299, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Chih-Yung Wang & Hsiang-Lin Cheng & Ya-Huei Chang, 2012. "A Question of Loyalty: Bank-Firm Relationships in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S3), pages 190-201, September.
    12. Rehman, Naqeeb Ur, 2015. "Does Internal and External R&D Affect SMEs Innovation Performance? Micro Level Evidence from India and Pakistan," EconStor Preprints 113229, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    13. Yee-Chy Tseng & Ching-Ping Chang & Ruey-Dang Chang & Hao-Yun Liao, 2012. "The Impact of Bankers on the Board on Corporate Dividend Policy: Evidence from an Emerging Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 192-212, January.
    14. Chih-Yung Wang & Hsiang-Lin Cheng & Ya-Huei Chang, 2012. "A Question of Loyalty: Bank-Firm Relationships in Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S3), pages 190-201, September.
    15. Jun Du & Alessandra Guariglia & Alexander Newman, "undated". "Does social capital affect the financing decisions of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises?," Discussion Papers 10/13, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    16. Durmus Cagr? Yildirim & Ozlem Tosuner Unal & Ayfer Gedikli, 2015. "Financial Problems of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Turkey," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 5(1), pages 27-37, January.
    17. Rehman, Naqeeb Ur, 2016. "Does Internal and External Research and Development Affect Innovation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises? Evidence from India and Pakistan," ADBI Working Papers 577, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    18. Oleksandr Talavera & Lin Xiong & Xiong Xiong, 2012. "Social Capital and Access to Bank Financing: The Case of Chinese Entrepreneurs," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(1), pages 55-69, January.

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    Keywords

    bank loans; debts; financing; Ghana; SMEs;

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