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Consumer Spending for Pharmaceuticals and Its Implications for Health Care Financing: The Case of Kazakhstan

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  • NAZMI SARI

Abstract

The health care sector in the countries of the former Soviet Union experienced significant changes in the 1990s and moved away from the principle of providing free care. Kazakhstan experienced a similar trend in financing pharmaceuticals. After the introduction of direct patient contributions for outpatient pharmaceuticals, the economic burden on poor and rural people increased significantly. This article examines various policy changes in promoting equity and analyzes the implications and feasibility of subsidy programs on the health care budget. The simulations from a two-part model suggest that the program covering the poor increases the health care budget by 7.7 percent. This increases to 20 percent when extended to people in rural areas. Instead of adopting a straightforward subsidy program for certain groups, this article identifies policy alternatives that may enhance social welfare by decreasing economic inefficiencies.

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  • Nazmi Sari, 2004. "Consumer Spending for Pharmaceuticals and Its Implications for Health Care Financing: The Case of Kazakhstan," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(1), pages 43-55, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:eaeuec:v:42:y:2004:i:1:p:43-55
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    Cited by:

    1. Brück, Tilman & Esenaliev, Damir & Kroeger, Antje & Kudebayeva, Alma & Mirkasimov, Bakhrom & Steiner, Susan, 2014. "Household survey data for research on well-being and behavior in Central Asia," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 819-835.

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