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Enhanced Cooperation in an Enlarged EU

Author

Listed:
  • Ahrens Joachim

    (Private Fachhochschule Göttingen, Weender Landstraße 3–7, 37033 Göttingen)

  • Ohr Renate

    (Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Volkswirtschaftliches Seminar, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 3, 37073 Göttingen)

  • Zeddies Götz

    (Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle, Kleine Märkerstraße 8, 06108 Halle)

Abstract

Die jüngsten Erweiterungen der EU auf 27 Mitgliedsstaaten haben den europäischen Integrationsprozess in ein neues Stadium geführt. In einer Gemeinschaft von 27 zunehmend heterogenen Mitgliedsländern wird es immer schwieriger, gemeinsame Entscheidungen zu treffen, wodurch dem Prozess einer weiteren Vertiefung der Integration Grenzen gesetzt werden. Die Europäische Union hat auf diese Entwicklung mit der Einführung des Instruments der sog. „verstärkten Zusammenarbeit“ reagiert. Diese Option ermöglicht eine verstärkte Kooperation einer Untergruppe der gesamten Gemeinschaft (Club im Club), falls nicht alle Mitgliedsländer sich an dem Projekt beteiligen wollen. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wurden verschiedene Politikbereiche beispielhaft herausgegriffen, um mit Hilfe der Clusteranalyse Ländergruppen mit relativ homogenen Präferenzen voneinander abzugrenzen, um herauszufinden, von welchen Ländern und mit welchen Zielen möglicherweise eine verstärkte Zusammenarbeit innerhalb der EU ausgehen könnte. Es zeigt sich dabei, dass gegebenenfalls von Politikfeld zu Politikfeld jeweils unterschiedliche Ländergruppen die Integration vorantreiben würden.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahrens Joachim & Ohr Renate & Zeddies Götz, 2007. "Enhanced Cooperation in an Enlarged EU," Review of Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 58(2), pages 130-150, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:lus:reveco:v:58:y:2007:i:2:p:130-150
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Todd Sandler & John Tschirhart, 1997. "Club theory: Thirty years later," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 93(3), pages 335-355, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ohr Renate, 2007. "Clubs im Club – Europas Zukunft? / Clubs within the Club – Europe’s Future?," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 58(1), pages 67-84, January.
    2. König, Jörg & Ohr, Renate, 2012. "Homogeneous groups within a heterogeneous community: Evidence from an index measuring European economic integration," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 138, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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