The Revision of the Romanian Constitution: Current Issues (English version)
The process of revision the Romanian Constitution is initiated by the President of Romania on the proposal of the Government. The objectives of this revision proposal are to sanction at a constitutional level the results of the 2009 popular referendum, to impose several constitutional rules generated by the effects of the economic crisis, to establish a new constitutional framework arising from Romania’s status as EU and NATO Member State, and at the enhancing the power separation mechanism. The revision proposal does not intend to change the semipresidential Romanian system. The revision of the Constitution responds exclusively to the need to modernize the Romanian society, as it is a new Member State of the European Union. The transition to a unicameral Parliament, the reduction in the number of the members of the Parliament, strict budget rules, the restriction of parliamentary immunity or the confiscation of the assests acquired by acts or deeds of corruption are stringent needs of the Romanian public life and represent the core of the present proposal of revision of the Constitution. The revision of any constitution at a given time responds to the needs of development of the society itself. Unlike the modification or revision of the laws inferior to the Constitution, the revision of the Constitution entails a special procedure, even more complex than in the case of ordinary or organic laws.
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