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The Model of the Philosopher in The Hieroglyphic History: the Cynical Wolf


  • Ph.D. Lecturer Bogdan CRETU

    (Ph.D. Lecturer, Postdoctoral Recipient, Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch, The Knowledge Based Society – Researches, Debates, Perspective. This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectorial Operational Program Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed by the European Social Fund, and by the Romanian Government under the contract no. POSDRU ID 56815, Romania)


Being aware of the fact that the wolf had a negative reputation, Dimitrie Cantemir chose to negotiate the symbolic tradition in order to highlight some traits that could be turned into positive features. So, he abandoned some sources and used only that ones which he could interpret as he liked to. The character is, in spite of the examples that insist upon his fierceness, the wisest among the other animals and a real scholar, being an adept of the cynical philosophical trend. Yet, he betrays sometimes the characteristics of this philosophy. In The Hieroglyphic History, the Wolf is a symbol of Reason.

Suggested Citation

  • Ph.D. Lecturer Bogdan CRETU, 2011. "The Model of the Philosopher in The Hieroglyphic History: the Cynical Wolf," Conferinta Stiintifica Internationala Logos Universalitate Mentalitate Educatie Noutate - Lumen International Scientific Conference Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty, Editura Lumen, Department of Economics, vol. 1, pages 1-61, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:lum:rev10b:v:1:y:2010:i::p:61

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    Bestiary; Wolf; Philosopher; cynic; disobedience of tradition;

    JEL classification:

    • A23 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Graduate
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics


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