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Indicadores: ciencia y tecnología en países de América Latina, 1990-2001


  • Carolina Lopera Oquendo


  • Edwin Alderid Gutiérrez Loaiza


  • Juan Carlos Marín Bolívar



Science and technology are vital for economic growth because, through knowledge, production and life conditions change. When comparing Latin America and industrialized countries, indicators show lower participation in activities related to knowledge, although, in the last decade some countries have shown progress in science and technology. Colombia requires more effort in this area and higher investment in science and technology, as well as stronger cooperation of the productive sector in the research and development projects developed by universities. It is important to recognize the progress shown by indicators in scientific and technological production.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Lopera Oquendo & Edwin Alderid Gutiérrez Loaiza & Juan Carlos Marín Bolívar, 2003. "Indicadores: ciencia y tecnología en países de América Latina, 1990-2001," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 59, pages 179-208, Julio-Dic.
  • Handle: RePEc:lde:journl:y:2003:i:59:p:179-208

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    science and technology; research and experimental development; education;

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other


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