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High quality nutrition in childhood, body size and wages in early adulthood: evidence from guatemalan workers

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  • María Cecilia Calderón

    (Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract

Establishing a causal relationship between health and productivity is not straightforward. On one hand, as income grows, people invest in better diets. On the other, a healthier worker is likely to be more productive. This paper focuses on the effect of body size, height and body mass index as indicators of nutrition, upon wages. Data comes from a longitudinal study conducted in Guatemala during 1969-77 and followed-up in 2002-04. Body size elasticity increases when unobserved heterogeneity is considered although evidence is stronger for males. Additionally, estimated elasticity shows some degree of heterogeneity at different quantiles of the conditional wage distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • María Cecilia Calderón, 2008. "High quality nutrition in childhood, body size and wages in early adulthood: evidence from guatemalan workers," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0(1-2), pages 41-86, January-D.
  • Handle: RePEc:lap:journl:559
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    Keywords

    Health; Height; BMI; Wages; Guatemala; Quantile;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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