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Poland’s health system analysis


  • Oleksandra Chmel
  • Daryna Pustovoit
  • Anton Shmihel

    (Kyiv School of Economics)


The paper investigates the changes in Poland’s medical sphere. After regaining its independence in 1989, Poland initiated a series of reforms, with the medical sphere included. The Semashko system has been transformed into the social health insurance (SHI), which today covers about 98 percent of the population. From 2018, Poland plans to move to the Beveridge system, which unlike SHI, is funded through government revenues. However, there are still challenges to be solved. For now, Poland is still among the countries with the lowest health expenditures and long waiting lines in hospitals. Nevertheless, Poland may serve as a great example for Ukraine of how to implement the health reforms and improve the health status of its citizens.

Suggested Citation

  • Oleksandra Chmel & Daryna Pustovoit & Anton Shmihel, 2018. "Poland’s health system analysis," Suchasni ekonomichni doslidzhennja, Kyiv School of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 10-17.
  • Handle: RePEc:kse:chasop:v:1:y:2018:i:1:p:10-17

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    More about this item


    healthcare reform; Poland; Harvard Flagship approach;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty


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