IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Research and Development Services – Evolution and Structure

Listed author(s):
  • Viorica Ionascu
  • Dominic Perez-Danielescu


    ("Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University)

Registered author(s):

    According to the international methodology and the National Economy Classification of Activities, the research and development domain stands for the systemic and creative activity to increase the entire knowledge level- including humanistic, cultural and social knowledge- as well as its use to new applications. The expenditures for the research and development activity in 2009 were only 0.47% in the Romanian GDP, that is just a very little part as compared with other countries among which: Austria - 2.75%, the Czech Republic -1.53%, Denmark -3.02%, Germany – 2.82%, Hungary – 1.15%, Finland – 3.9%, Sweden- 3.62% etc. The paper focuses on the number and structure of the research and development staff, the main indexes in this specific activity, the total staff structure by unit types, by occupations, age groups, fields of activity. It also analyses specific expenditures by public and private forms of propriety, research types, competence sectors, financing sources, main program types etc.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy Bucharest,"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University Bucharest in its journal Knowledge Horizons - Economics.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3-4 (September-December)
    Pages: 48-55

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:khe:journl:v:4:y:2012:i:3:4:p:48-55
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Splaiul Unirii nr. 176, sector 4, Bucuresti

    Phone: 0040213308460
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:khe:journl:v:4:y:2012:i:3:4:p:48-55. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Adi Sava)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.