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Are the Networks Biased? ``Calling'' States in the 2000 Presidential Election


  • J. Wilson Mixon, Jr.
  • Amit Sen
  • E. Frank Stephenson


Among the controversies arising from the 2000 Presidential election was the accusation that media networks called, or projected, a winner faster in those states won by Albert Gore than in those states won by George W. Bush. We investigate this accusation by estimating a Tobit model of the length of time between states' poll closing times and the times at which CNN projected a winner. Our results support the charge of media bias. After controlling for other factors that affect how quickly a state is called, states called for Gore were called 14 to 18 minutes faster than those called in favor of Bush.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Wilson Mixon, Jr. & Amit Sen & E. Frank Stephenson, 2004. "Are the Networks Biased? ``Calling'' States in the 2000 Presidential Election," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 118(1_2), pages 53-59, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:118:y:2004:i:1_2:p:53-59

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ragin, Charles C., 2000. "Fuzzy-Set Social Science," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226702773, March.
    2. repec:ucp:bkecon:9780226702766 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Pavel Yakovlev & David Gilson, 2015. "Public Trust and Press Freedom," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(1), pages 214-225.

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