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Are Service Profiles Incubator-Specific? Results from an Empirical Investigation in Italy


  • Maximilian Zedtwitz


  • Rosa Grimaldi



What are the core services of start-up incubators, and how can the be managed best? We use five incubator archetypes (university, regional business, company-internal, independent commercial, and virtual incubators) to identify key services and describe their implementation. Case-research was conducted on 10 incubators (from an estimated total of 50) in Italy. We concluded that differences in competitive scope (industry, geography, and segment focus) and differences in strategic objectives (profit versus non-for-profit) influence the nature, quality and implementation of incubation services and the way they are managed. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Suggested Citation

  • Maximilian Zedtwitz & Rosa Grimaldi, 2006. "Are Service Profiles Incubator-Specific? Results from an Empirical Investigation in Italy," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 459-468, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:31:y:2006:i:4:p:459-468
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-006-0007-7

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:kap:sbusec:v:51:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9924-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Hanadi Mubarak AL-MUBARAKI & Michael BUSLER & Rashed AL-AJMEI & M. ARUNA, 2013. "Incubators Best Practices in Developed and Developing Countries: Qualitative Approaches," Asian Journal of Empirical Research, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(7), pages 895-910, July.
    3. repec:eee:tefoso:v:127:y:2018:i:c:p:154-165 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Danny Soetanto & Sarah Jack, 2013. "Business incubators and the networks of technology-based firms," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(4), pages 432-453, August.
    5. repec:eee:techno:v:82-83:y:2019:i::p:25-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Silvia Sedita & Roberto Grandinetti, 2014. "Relationships at work in a networked business incubator: the case of H-Farm," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0190, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
    7. Schwartz, Michael & Hornych, Christoph, 2008. "Technologie- und Gründerzentren im Lichte von Diversifizierung versus Spezialisierung," IWH Discussion Papers 7/2008, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    8. repec:kap:jtecht:v:43:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-017-9565-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Akcomak, Semih, 2009. "Incubators as Tools for Entrepreneurship Promotion in Developing Countries," MERIT Working Papers 054, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    10. Heinrichs, Simon & Tischler, Joachim & Walter, Achim, 2014. "Leistungsprofile von Inkubatoren technologiebasierter Unternehmen: Eine empirische Bestandsaufnahme," EconStor Preprints 96158, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    11. Isabel Diez-Vial & Angeles Montoro-Sanchez, 2017. "Research evolution in science parks and incubators: foundations and new trends," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 110(3), pages 1243-1272, March.
    12. repec:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:10:p:2889-:d:233068 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Michael Schwartz, 2009. "Beyond incubation: an analysis of firm survival and exit dynamics in the post-graduation period," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(4), pages 403-421, August.
    14. Michael Schwartz, 2013. "A control group study of incubators’ impact to promote firm survival," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 302-331, June.
    15. Chaffik Bakkali & Karim Messeghem & Sylvie Sammut, 2014. "Toward a typology of incubators based on HRM," Post-Print hal-02014834, HAL.
    16. Dimitrios Lagos & Konstadinos Koutsikos, 2011. "The Role of IT-Focused Business Indicators in Managing Regional Development and Innovation," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(3), pages 33-50.
    17. Inès Gabarret & Annabelle Jaouen & Walid A. Nakara & Benjamin Vedel, 2014. "Why are small public incubators "lagging behind"? Learning from disability in the selection practices of a French incubator," Post-Print hal-01886228, HAL.
    18. José Barbero & José Casillas & Mike Wright & Alicia Ramos Garcia, 2014. "Do different types of incubators produce different types of innovations?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 151-168, April.

    More about this item


    startup ventures; entrepreneurship; strategy; incubation; best practice; O31; O32;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D


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