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The Riskiness of REITs Surrounding the October 1997 Stock Market Decline

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  • John L. Glascock

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  • David Michayluk
  • Karyn Neuhauser

Abstract

Real estate investment trusts (REITs) are viewed as low risk/low return stocks that exhibit defensive stock characteristics. The stock market decline of October 1997 provides an excellent opportunity to examine the riskiness of REITs during high levels of market uncertainty. We find that the decline in REIT stock values was about one-half as large as the decline of non-REIT stocks. Additionally, market uncertainty on the event day was shown with an increased bid-ask spread for all stocks. On the following day when the market decline was partially reversed, the bid-ask spreads continued to increase for non-REIT stocks, but declined for REIT stocks. This suggests that REITs, like defensive stocks in general, are less prone to significant declines during market-wide disturbances. Also, we order stocks based on the standard deviation measures of risk and show that this risk measure explains the cross-section of returns for non-REITs but is not valid for REITs.

Suggested Citation

  • John L. Glascock & David Michayluk & Karyn Neuhauser, 2004. "The Riskiness of REITs Surrounding the October 1997 Stock Market Decline," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 28(4), pages 339-354, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jrefec:v:28:y:2004:i:4:p:339-354
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hong Wang & Yining Sun & Yin Chen, 2009. "Special considerations for designing pilot REITs in China," Journal of Property Investment & Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 27(2), pages 140-161, March.
    2. Ranajit Kumar Bairagi & William Dimovski, 2012. "The direct costs of raising external equity capital for US REIT IPOs," Journal of Property Investment & Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 30(6), pages 538-562, September.
    3. De Santis, Paola & Drago, Carlo, 2014. "Asimmetria del rischio sistematico dei titoli immobiliari americani: nuove evidenze econometriche
      [Systematic Risk Asymmetry of the American Real Estate Securities: Some New Econometric Evidence]
      ," MPRA Paper 59381, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. David Michayluk & Patrick J. Wilson & Ralf Zurbruegg, 2006. "Asymmetric Volatility, Correlation and Returns Dynamics Between the U.S. and U.K. Securitized Real Estate Markets," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 34(1), pages 109-131, March.
    5. Kenji Kutsuna & William Dimovski & Robert Brooks, 2008. "The Pricing and Underwriting Costs of Japanese REIT IPOs," Journal of Property Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(3), pages 221-239, November.
    6. I-Chun Tsai & Cheng-Feng Lee & Ming-Chu Chiang, 2012. "The Asymmetric Wealth Effect in the US Housing and Stock Markets: Evidence from the Threshold Cointegration Model," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(4), pages 1005-1020, November.
    7. Ran Lu-Andrews & John L. Glascock, 2017. "Liquidity, Price Behavior, and Market-related Events," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 43(2), pages 318-351, March.
    8. repec:kap:jrefec:v:56:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11146-016-9593-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Crystal Lin & Kenneth Yung, 2006. "Equity Capital Flows and Demand for REITs," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 275-291, November.
    10. Ranajit Kumar Bairagi & William Dimovski, 2010. "The underpricing of US REIT IPOs: 1996--2010," Journal of Property Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(3), pages 233-248, December.
    11. Dirk Brounen & Piet Eichholtz & David Ling, 2009. "The Liquidity of Property Shares: An International Comparison," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 37(3), pages 413-445.
    12. Ming-Chi Chen & Chi-Lu Peng & So-De Shyu & Jhih-Hong Zeng, 2012. "Market States and the Effect on Equity REIT Returns due to Changes in Monetary Policy Stance," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 364-382, August.
    13. John Glascock & Ran Lu-Andrews, 2015. "The Price Behavior of REITs Surrounding Extreme Market-Related Events," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 51(4), pages 441-479, November.
    14. Denis Schweizer & Lars Haß & Lutz Johanning & Bernd Rudolph, 2013. "Do Alternative Real Estate Investment Vehicles Add Value to REITs? Evidence from German Open-ended Property Funds," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 65-82, July.
    15. repec:uts:finphd:35 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Szu-Yin Hung & John Glascock, 2008. "Momentum Profitability and Market Trend: Evidence from REITs," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 37(1), pages 51-69, July.
    17. repec:bor:bistre:v:17:y:2017:i:4:p:199-215 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Arjun Chatrath & Rohan A. Christie-David & Sanjay Ramchander, 2012. "Public Information, REIT Responses, Size, Leverage, and Focus," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 34(4), pages 463-514.
    19. Eva Steiner & Jamie Alcock, 2011. "New Evidence on asymmetric dependence in the returns from U.S. Real Estate Estate Investment Trusts," ERES eres2011_161, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    20. repec:kap:jrefec:v:57:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11146-016-9562-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. repec:jre:issued:v:39:n:1:2017:p:65_98 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. repec:ibn:ijefaa:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:86-98 is not listed on IDEAS

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