IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/jid/journl/y2011v20i3-4p43-56.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Is Income Inequality Endogenous In Regional Growth?

Author

Listed:
  • Yohannes G. Hailu

    () (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa)

  • Mulugeta S. Kahsai

    (West Virginia University)

  • Tesfa G. Gebremedhin

    () (West Virginia University)

  • Randall W. Jackson

    (West Virginia University)

Abstract

This study focuses on testing the relationship between income inequality and economic growth within counties in the United States, and the channels through which the effects of a relationship are observed. Based on a system of equations estimation, the empirical results confirm the hypotheses that income inequality has a growth-dampening effect, that income inequality is endogenous to regional growth, and that the channels through which income inequality determines growth are adjustments at the regional level, such as migration and changes in employment and incomes. The results have numerous policy implications. The noted forces can be utilized as policy instruments to mitigate income inequality and its growth dampening effects, because a) as income inequality is endogenous, its equilibrium level can be internally determined within a regional growth process, b) since traditional income inequality mitigating policies have an indirect effect on overall regional growth, they may have unintended indirect effects on income inequality, and c) regional growth adjustment also equilibrates income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Yohannes G. Hailu & Mulugeta S. Kahsai & Tesfa G. Gebremedhin & Randall W. Jackson, 2011. "Is Income Inequality Endogenous In Regional Growth?," Journal of Income Distribution, Journal of Income Distribution, vol. 20(3-4), pages 43-56, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:jid:journl:y:2011:v:20:i:3-4:p:43-56
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://jid.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/jid/article/view/30963
    Download Restriction: Fulltext downloads are only available to subscribers. See JID website for details.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Roback, Jennifer, 1982. "Wages, Rents, and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(6), pages 1257-1278, December.
    2. Rupasingha, Anil & Goetz, Stephan J. & Freshwater, David, 2006. "The production of social capital in US counties," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 83-101, February.
    3. Roland Benabou, 2000. "Unequal Societies: Income Distribution and the Social Contract," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 96-129, March.
    4. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    5. Li, Hongyi & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Income Inequality Is Not Harmful for Growth: Theory and Evidence," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(3), pages 318-334, October.
    6. Davis Lewis S, 2007. "Explaining the Evidence on Inequality and Growth: Informality and Redistribution," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-35, January.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10091 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Levy, Frank & Murnane, Richard J, 1992. "U.S. Earnings Levels and Earnings Inequality: A Review of Recent Trends and Proposed Explanations," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1333-1381, September.
    9. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Duflo, Esther, 2003. "Inequality and Growth: What Can the Data Say?," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 267-299, September.
    10. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1994. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 600-621, June.
    11. Burkey, Mark L., 2006. "Gini Coefficients for the 2000 Census," MPRA Paper 57900, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Barro, Robert J, 2000. "Inequality and Growth in a Panel of Countries," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 5-32, March.
    13. Mills, Edwin S. & Price, Richard, 1984. "Metropolitan suburbanization and central city problems," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 1-17, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    income inequality; economic growth; Gini coefficient; growth modeling; economic policy;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • P25 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:jid:journl:y:2011:v:20:i:3-4:p:43-56. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Timm Boenke). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/gyorkca.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.