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The foundation of the Mexican welfare state and social security reform in the 1990s


  • Murai, Tomoko


Before 1982 Mexico's welfare state regime was a limited conservative one that put priority on the social security of organized labor. But following the country's debt crisis in 1982, this regime changed to a hybrid liberal model. The Ernest Zedillo government (1995-2000) in particular pushed ahead with liberal reform of the social security system. This paper examines the characteristics and the policy making of the social security reforms in the 1990s. The results suggest that underlying these reforms was the restructuring of the economy and the need to cope with the cost of this restructuring. The paper also points out that one of the main factors making possible the rapid execution of the reforms were the weakened political clout of the officialist labor unions due to their steady breakdown during the 1990s and the increase in the monopolistic power of the state vis-a-vis the position of labor during the negotiations on social security reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • Murai, Tomoko, 2004. "The foundation of the Mexican welfare state and social security reform in the 1990s," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO), vol. 42(2), pages 262-287, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:deveco:v:42:y:2004:i:2:p:262-287

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    Social security; Social welfare; Mexico; 社会保障; 社会福祉; メキシコ;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs


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