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Derivative Use By Romanian Banks After The Eu Adhesion: A Financial Reporting Perspective

Author

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  • Maria Carmen Huian

    () (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania)

  • Ciprian Apostol

    () (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania)

Abstract

Romanian banks use derivatives to hedge against or speculate on the movement of economic variables such as foreign exchange rate or interest rate. To report these contracts, they apply the IFRS in both consolidated accounts (from 2007 onwards) and individual accounts (starting with 2012). This paper analyzes disclosures on derivatives for a 6-year period (2007- the year of the EU adhesion -2012) based on 132 financial statements available. The findings show that more than 72% of Romanian banks use derivatives, mostly for economic hedges and without much application of hedge accounting. Swaps are the most important contracts and foreign exchange risks the most protected against. On average, disclosures on derivatives follow the IFRS rules but provide little additional information beyond the minimum requirements which enables ambiguities and misinterpretations from users of the financial statements.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Carmen Huian & Ciprian Apostol, 2014. "Derivative Use By Romanian Banks After The Eu Adhesion: A Financial Reporting Perspective," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 6(2), pages 74-84, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:jes:wpaper:y:2014:v:6:i:2:p:74-84
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    File URL: http://www.ceswp.uaic.ro/articles/CESWP2014_VI2_HUI.pdf
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    Keywords

    derivatives; financial statements; IFRS; hedge accounting Romania;

    JEL classification:

    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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