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Regional productivity and convergence in Bangladesh agriculture


  • Rahman, Sanzidur.

    () (The University of Plymouth,U.K.)


This paper applies the sequential Malmquist index to calculate multi-lateral, multi-factor productivity (MFP) indices for agriculture in 16 regions of Bangladesh from 1964 to 1992 and examines convergence amongst regions. Productivity grew at an average rate of 0.9% per annum, led by regions with high level of Green Revolution technology diffusion. The growth mainly occurred due to technological progress estimated at 1.9% per year. Overall technical efficiency declined steadily at 1.0% per year due to falling efficiency in most of the regions in later years. Both cross-section and time-series tests confirm that divergence among regions disappeared and agricultural productivity reached convergence in the long-run. Policy options to reverse declining efficiency are considered. These include: strengthening of extension services, improvements in rural infrastructure, widening of R&D activities to non-cereals, and promotion of new technologies.

Suggested Citation

  • Rahman, Sanzidur., 2007. "Regional productivity and convergence in Bangladesh agriculture," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 41(1), pages 221-236, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:jda:journl:vol.41:year:2007:issue1:pp:221-236

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    Cited by:

    1. Sanzidur Rahman & Ruhul Salim, 2013. "Six Decades of Total Factor Productivity Change and Sources of Growth in Bangladesh Agriculture (1948–2008)," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(2), pages 275-294, June.
    2. F. Djoumessi, Yannick, 2016. "Green Agricultural Productivity Growth and Convergence in sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 79525, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Dec 2016.
    3. Sudeshna Paul & Athula Naranpanawa & Jay Bandaralage & Tapan Sarker, 2018. "Climate change, crop productivity and regional growth disparity in Bangladesh: What does a district-level regional CGE model tell us?," Discussion Papers in Economics economics:201803, Griffith University, Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics.
    4. Asif Reza Anik & Sanzidur Rahman & Jaba Rani Sarker, 2017. "Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Role of Capital in South Asia (1980–2013)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(3), pages 1-24, March.

    More about this item


    Agricultural productivity; Regional variations; Convergence; Bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture


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