Helicopter Drops and Japan fs Liquidity Trap
This paper examines the effects of a money-financed fiscal expansion? a helicopter drop?when an economy is in a liquidity trap. It uses a textbook-style model calibrated to fit Japan fs economic slump and deflation as of 2003. According to the results, money-financed transfers totaling 9.4 percent of GDP end the output slump and guide the economy to a steady state with 2 percent inflation. By raising output and inflation, the policy also reduces the ratio of government debt to GDP. The policy f s long-run effects are the same as those of a bond-financed fiscal expansion, but money finance prevents a short-run rise in debt.
Volume (Year): 26 (2008)
Issue (Month): (December)
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